Synthesis of mesterolone

In a recent study analyzing BPS in a variety of paper products worldwide, BPS was found in 100% of tickets, mailing envelopes, airplane boarding passes, and airplane luggage tags. In this study, very high concentrations of BPS were detected in thermal receipt samples collected from cities in the United States, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. The BPS concentrations were large but varied greatly, from a few tens of nanograms per gram to several milligrams per gram. Nevertheless, concentrations of BPS used in thermal paper are usually lower compared to those of BPA. [10] Finally, BPS can get into the human body through dermal absorption from handling banknotes . [11]

Flutamide and 2-hydroxyflutamide have been found in vitro to inhibit CYP17A1 (17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase), an enzyme which is required for the biosynthesis of androgens. [53] In accordance, flutamide has been found to slightly but significantly lower androgen levels in GnRH analogue-treated male prostate cancer patients [54] and women with polycystic ovary syndrome . [23] As such, flutamide is a weak inhibitor of androgen biosynthesis. [50] However, the clinical significance of this action may be limited when flutamide is given without a GnRH analogue to non-castrated men, as the drug markedly elevates testosterone levels into the high normal male range via prevention of AR activation-mediated negative feedback on the hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis in this context. [12]

Synthesis of mesterolone

synthesis of mesterolone


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