Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Sicily is located in the central Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula, from which it is separated by the narrow Strait of Messina. Its most prominent landmark is Mount Etna, the tallest active volcano in Europe, and one of the most active in the world, currently 3,329 m (10,922 ft) high. The island has a typical Mediterranean climate.
Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature, cuisine, and architecture. It is also home to important archaeological and ancient sites, such as the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Valley of the Temples, and Selinunte.
There are seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites on Sicily. By the order of inscription: Valle dei Templi, Villa Romana del Casale, Aeolian Islands, Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto, Necropolis of Pantalica, Mount Etna and Arab-Norman Palermo and the cathedral churches of Cefalù and Monreale.